As a Madrassah teacher, you have the ability to make a huge difference to the lives of the children you teach and their development into good Muslim adults, who will contribute positively to society in the 21st century. You have the ability to mould minds, to instill confidence, honesty and love of Allah in your Madrassah pupils.

This page will outline what is taught in a Madrassah and for what purpose.

As Madrassah teachers, always keep in mind the objective you want your Madrassah pupils to achieve by the end of the lesson. Keep in mind the qualities you want to develop in your pupils by the end of term.

Five main subjects will be outlined:

  1. Qur’an
  2. Fiqh
  3. Aqeedah
  4. Arabic Language
  5. Seerah
  6. PSHE (Personal, Social, and Health Education)
  7. Islamic Studies

Teaching Qur’an

“When the Qur’an is read, listen to it with attention and hold your peace, that you may receive Mercy” 

[Qur’an – Al-‘Araf 7:204]

Knowledge and understanding of the Qur’an is essential for all Muslims practising Islam. The Qur’an is a blue-print sent down by Allah about how we should live our lives. Although it is essential to learn how to recite the Qur’an, recitation alone is not enough.

Muslims should recite it, understand it, reflect upon the meaning, implement it and use it to solve problems in our lives. We should have a deep love and appreciation for the Qur’an.


Qur’an should be studied at all ages, but how it is studied depends on the learning ability of the children. In the next table there is a general order of the way the Qur’an can be studied.

  • Instill love and appreciation for the Qur’an.
  • Teach pupils the understanding and lessons behind a Surah you are studying. The higher the learning ability of the pupils, the more in depth the analysis should be.
  • Let the pupils solve problems using the Qur’an as a guide.
Topic What it is? When should it be studied?
Arabic Alphabet Alphabet with correct pronounciation. Early Years
Tajweed Science of recitation When pupils can read the Qur’an confidently
Hifz Memorisation of the Qur’an. Some Madrassahs do not do this. When pupils can read the Qur’an confidently with Tajweed.
Tafseer Understanding the meaning of the Qur’an. At all ages to different degrees. Younger children can learn more basic meanings.
Implementation of the Qur’an. Acting on what you learn from the Qur’an. At all ages to different degrees.

Teaching Fiqh

“The Day that every soul will be confronted with all the good it has done and all the evil it has done, it will wish that there was a great distance between it and that (its evil). But Allah cautions you about Himself.” [Qur’an – Al-Imran 3:30]

Fiqh is the study of deriving rulings from the Qur’an and Sunnah (the life and practice of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ).
As Muslims we are expected to do good deeds and avoid evil deeds, ensuring that our actions are undertaken in accordance with rules from the Qur’an and Sunnah.

Teaching your Madrassah pupils Fiqh will enable them to derive benefit from the Qur’an and Sunnah and know what is halal and what is haram so they can meet Allah (swt) with a heavy scale of good deeds Insha’Allah.

Teaching Aqeedah

Aqeedah is the study of the articles of faith in Islam. It is concerned with establishing correct belief in Allah.

“So have knowledge about Laa ilaaha illallaah (i.e. have knowledge that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah), and seek forgiveness for your sins, and for the believing men and women.” [Qur’an – Muhammad 47:19]

Teaching Aqeedah is important as it helps Madrassah pupils learn about their creed, protects them from deviance and shirk (associating partners with Allah) and strengthens their faith.

Teaching Arabic Language

“We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an so that you may understand.” [Qur’an – Yusuf 12:2]

The Qur’an is in Arabic, so as Muslims, we have a special connection to this beautiful language. The language in the Qur’an is a miracle, and this is something which can only fully be appreciated if one understands Qur’anic Arabic.

Teaching your Madrassah pupils Arabic and reinforcing the language will help them to learn and understand the Qur’an as they progress further in their studies.

  • Teach new words to the pupils which are relevant when you are teaching them Surahs.
  • Teach simple words to the pupils when learning to read Arabic words.
  • When reading the Qur’an with them, ask them which words they already know and what they think it means.

Teaching Seerah

The word ‘Seerah’ literally refers to the path that is walked upon. In Islamic studies, it is the study of the life of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

“Say, (O Muhammad) If you truly love Allah then follow me! Allah will then love you and forgive your sins, and Allah is All Forgiving and Most Merciful.”
 [Qur’an – Al Imran 3:31]

One common problem in our ummah is we feel disconnected from Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and as a result, it can affect our ability to follow the Sunnah. Teaching Seerah effectively can help remedy this problem and is important for teaching Madrassah pupils to relate to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

  • Give pupils time in class to discuss and analyse parts of the Seerah. Choose a part depending on what you want them to learn.
  • Encourage pupils to think about what Prophet Muhammad ﷺ may have felt at certain times (such as after Ta’if or when conquering Makkah etc.)
  • Set up activities and discussions for the pupils to apply lessons from what they have learnt in the Seerah. This will, Insha’Allah, teach them how to live according to the Sunnah

(e.g. you’ve just won a game against someone who was horrible to you, what do you do? What could you do? What do you think Prophet Muhammad ﷺ would do? Why do you think this?)

Teaching PSHE

PSHE is an abbreviation for Personal, Social and Health Education.

It deals with a number of issues, including friendships, bullying, relationships, drug and alcohol use, citizenship, problem solving, interaction with other faiths, sex education, community welfare and personal development

Although it is not formally taught in many Madrassahs, it is often taught in mainstream schools, from a non-Islamic perspective. To develop our Madrassah pupils as good Muslims, it is essential they learn about such issues from a perspective in line with the Qur’an and Sunnah.

  • Make topics relevant to the pupils depending on their age or situation (for example, children starting secondary school may benefit from learning about new situations and bullying)
  • Give the pupils lots of opportunities to ask questions and suggest topics they may want to study in the future.
  • Create a positive Islamic learning environment where the pupils feel safe to learn.
  • Include problem solving and critical thinking activities.
  • If possible, keep up to date with topics studied in PSHE in schools and be prepared to answer the pupils’ questions in the Madrassah.