There are many different ways Madrassah teachers can teach Madrassah pupils. What you teach is often determined by the Madrassah, but how you teach so that Madrassah pupils learn effectively is determined by you as the Madrassah teacher.

This page outlines some good strategies you can use in your Madrassah.


There are five ways Madrassah teachers can teach their pupils. These are:

  • Direct Instruction
  • Indirect Instruction
  • Experiential Learning
  • Independent Study
  • Interactive Instruction

These are outlined in more detail below.

Direct Instruction

This technique is Madrassah teacher-directed. It is effective for providing information or developing step-by-step skills. The Madrassah teacher models how to solve the problem (I do) and then practises it with the Madrassah pupils (we do)


  • Direct instruction can be used effectively when teaching Tajweed, reading the Qur’an and across the entire Madrassah curriculum.
  • It is also good for helping Madrassah pupils solve more complicated questions in Islamic studies.

Indirect Instruction

This technique is mainly Madrassah pupil-centred. It takes advantage of Madrassah pupils’ interest and curiosity, and allows them to generate alternatives or solve problems. The Madrassah teacher acts as a facilitator rather than a lecturer.

  • Find out pupils’ area of interest to generate a problem for them to solve!
  • Use questioning to get the pupils’ ideas. Respect their ideas, if they say something wrong, find out why and address it.
  • Create a good learning environment so all Madrassah pupils can feel safe to express their ideas.

Experiential Learning

This is a type of teaching where Madrassah pupils can learn by doing or by experience through self-discovery. This type of teaching technique, when used effectively, will help Madrassah pupils to learn by experiencing the beauty of Islam. It will also enable them to truly live in accordance with Islam.

  • Field trips could be made to old peoples’ homes, places of worship (for example, mosques, temples, churches and synagogues) or other educational venues to learn about adaab and the world in general
  • Role play and ‘Hot Seating’ can be used to discuss ‘social issues’ from an Islamic perspective, for example, peer pressure could be explored, for older Madrassah pupils, through role play, by pupils placing themselves in the shoes of each character
  • Give children in the Madrassah opportunity to partake in activities as much as possible.
  • Link areas of the Madrassah curriculum to other subjects.
  • Let them build things, work on projects and get involved in activities!

Interactive Instruction

This type of teaching technique relies mainly on discussion and sharing among Madrassah pupils. The pupils can learn from each other, and their Madrassah teachers, to develop good social skills and abilities, to organize their thoughts, and to develop rational arguments. They can learn the etiquettes of interaction and good manners through the academic material adopted by the teacher in this teaching style.


  • Give praise/reward to those groups of Madrassah pupils who work well together as well as those who do well academically.
  • Give the pupils opportunities to work with a wide range of pupils, not just their friends
  • Include debates, role playing and group work.
  • Ensure that as a Madrassah teacher, you always model good adaab in your interactions with others.

Ideas for Madrassah

  • Give the pupils a ‘real-life’ problem or situation.
  • Allow them to discuss various ideas in solving the problem you have chosen. Take feedback and link to Islamic teachings, ideally linking it back to a message in the Qur’an.

Independent Study

This is a type of teaching where Madrassah pupils learn by studying independently either at home or in the Madrassah. This develops skills such as initiative, independence, and self-improvement. Independent study activities can include research projects, written assignments, assigned questions and learning logs.

  • Give pupils an opportunity to research an Islamic issue online. Let them identify the source: is the statement fact/opinion? How do they know? (This should teach them to question what they read online and Insha’Allah will prevent them falling into believing everything they read or hear about Islam in the media.)
  • Emphasise the importance of the Qur’an and Sunnah and it’s use as our ‘blueprint’ in life.
  • Know the topic well. Be prepared to answer difficult questions. Give a list of websites or books if you wish to limit research.

When should I teach?

  • Madrassah pupils should be in the right frame of mind and be ready for learning, therefore, avoid teaching pupils when they are upset or active.
  • Use the first five minutes to set an activity to get the pupils ready for learning.
  • Deal with any issues as soon as you can without disrupting the class.
  • Keep your learning objectives in mind.
  • Learning can take place anywhere, not just the Mosque