As Muslims, we all know the importance of reflection (tadabbur) in Islam.
Allah (swt) says in the Qur’an:
“Will they not then ponder the Qur’an or are there locks upon their hearts?” [Qur’an – Muhammad 47:24]
Allah is not only asking us to recite the Qur’an, rather He is asking us to go a step further and ponder and contemplate over the Qur’an.
We want our Madrassah pupils to develop into Muslims, who can think for themselves now, and in the future. Through teaching to avoid the cultivating of closed minded, biased or prejudiced thinking, we can develop excellence in thought in our pupils .
- Choose critical thinking tasks relevant to your pupils
- Engage pupils through challenging questioning. “What might they have thought when…”
- Avoid shying away from controversial topics – if necessary, find out more first, but it is far better to encourage debate.
- Allow pupils time to reflect and ask questions.
- When teaching Qur’an, reflect deeply on the meaning. Encourage your pupils by questioning and discussion.
- Use inquiry teaching to solve real world problems. (e.g. financial problems, once pupils have given their ideas, the story of Yusuf (a.s) can be used to show how he dealt with similar problems in his time.
- Teach pupils to question things that they read online to form logical conclusions.
- Give them time to think about questions.
- Use Blooms Taxonomy to develop questions and write learning objectives.