The starter should:

  • present an active and motivating start to Islamic studies or Arabic
  • link to previous learning, and may include revision of key points from the last lesson.
  • identify any lack of essential underpinning skills and knowledge
  • offer a clear opportunity to share the learning aims and outcomes of the session with learners
  • establish expectations and set the pace for the session
  • engage learners and create a sense of anticipation and purpose
  • introduce a sense of challenge.

An example is where pupils can read a series of words linking to the last lesson. Check they fully understand ‘Saakin’. Alternatively, if pupils know ‘Saakin’ confidently, then ask pupils to read an ayat in pairs.


  • Make sure you spend a few minutes at the start telling pupils what they are going to learn and how they will learn it.
  • Always ask pupils why they are doing an activity or a lesson, check that they know the learning objectives.

Note: In this video the starter, main and plenary are called: pre-teaching, teaching and closure respectfully. They have the same function as starter main and plenary


The main part of the lesson in the Madrassah is the longest part of the lesson where most new learning occurs.

The main:

  • should promote inspirational teaching and learning
  • often tends to be in chunks
  • include teaching of the main concepts.

For example, explaining when ghunna is used, modelling how to use it and doing activities to promote learning.

The activities in the main part of the lesson are designed towards meeting the learning objectives (what you want them to learn) or outcomes (what you want them to be able to do).


  • When planning decide exactly what things you want them to learn or do by the end of the lesson.
  • Write three learning objectives on your plan.
  • Choose activities carefully to make sure that they will take the pupils towards achieving what you want them to learn or do (learning objective/outcome)


The last part of the lesson is called the plenary. It is usually the last 5 to 10 minutes of the lesson.

The plenary is important for:
  • re-visiting the learning objectives.
  • consolidating learning – pupils think: ‘what did I learn today?’
  • helping Madrassah teachers to find out what successful learning has taken place during the lesson
  • informing and planning of future sessions. (Does any work need to be reviewed before the next topic?)
  • preparing pupils for undertaking independent study and homework.

An example is giving pupils the same ayat to read but this time with ghunna. This way the plenary tells the teacher (and the pupils) if they have achieved the learning outcome.


  • Remember that the plenary is important for you as a Madrassah teacher, to find out how much your pupils have learnt. Use this as assessment. (See Assessment link)
  • If you find gaps in the pupils’ knowledge, alter your next lesson to ensure they learn what was intended.

The activity in this video can be used for Islamic key words or simple concepts in the Madrassah.